Fever Click Board
Fever click features a specially designed sensor, which is capable of accurate measurement of human body temperature. This Click board uses the MAX30205 human body temperature sensor with the accuracy rating that complies with the clinical thermometry specifications of the ASTM E1112 standard. In addition, the sensor offers an open drain programmable interrupt output and uses the industry standard I2C interface, enforced with the additional timeout feature, that prevents lockdown of the I2C bus. It includes some other features as well, such as the programmable interrupt pin polarity, improved accuracy in the range between 37.5 ℃ and 40.0 ℃, low power consumption feature, and more.
These features, along with the convenient design of the Click board keeping the sensor itself away from any PCB thermal sources, allow simple use of the device and easy development of various applications. Fever click is a perfect solution for development of health related applications, especially when combined with other health-related Click boards. It can be used either for monitoring of the body temperature, or it can be simply set to alert about "fever – no fever" states: condition of the human body when the temperature is greater than 37.5 ℃, is considered a fever.
How Does it Work?
The main active component of Fever click is the MAX30205, an integrated human body temperature sensor from Maxim Integrated. This sensor is specifically designed to be used as the human body temperature sensor, featuring accuracy that complies with the clinical thermometry specifications of the ASTM E1112 standard. The sensor is most accurate in the region of 37 ℃ to 39 ℃, with the least mean error in this area. The overall accuracy of the sensor is greatly affected by the temperature of the PCB itself since the sensor measures its die temperature. Therefore, the PCB of the Fever click has such shape that the sensor is physically moved away from any other thermal source, and the PCB under the sensor is small enough, reducing the overall thermal inertia. The temperature is sampled with the 16-bit sigma delta A/D converter, and thermal data is delivered via the I2C bus, with 0.00390625 °C per LSB.
The Click board exposes the I2C interface and the OS pin on the mikroBUS, making it very simple to use. I2C pins are routed to the appropriate I2C pins of the mikroBUS, equipped with the required pull-up resistors. The OS pin is also an open drain output, which can work in two modes: it can be used as the interrupt, or as the thermostat/comparator.
When operating as an interrupt, the OS pin will be asserted once the programmed threshold temperature is exceeded (TOS register). It won't be de-asserted until any of the registers is read by the host MCU. Again, it will be asserted next time the threshold is exceeded, reset when a register is read, and so on.
When working as the comparator/thermostat, the OS pin will be asserted once the programmed thermal threshold has been exceeded (TOS), but it will be de-asserted when the temperature drops below the hysteresis, set in the THYST register. The nature of this mode is similar to an operation of a thermostat, so this mode can be used to initiate cooling fans, automatic air conditioning, etc.
The OS pin mode is determined by the state of the CMP/INT bit in the config register. A logic 0 will set the comparator mode. The polarity of the OS can also be programmed, and it is determined by the OS POLARITY bit of the config register. A special fault counter is used in order to avoid erratic behavior near the threshold range. The number of faults (conditions when the temperature exceeds threshold values) is determined by two bits in the configuration register. The OS pin will be asserted only when the programmed number of faults is reached, effectively acting as a filter, preventing false triggering situations. OS pin is routed to the mikroBUS INT pin, labeled as OS.
The power consumption is an important characteristic when building embedded applications. Therefore, this sensor allows ONE SHOT mode to be used, reducing the overall power consumption. This allows the device to operate while staying in the SHUTDOWN mode. Writing logic 1 to an appropriate bit of the configuration register will wake up the device from the SHUTDOWN mode, perform one temperature conversion, and revert the sensor back to SHUTDOWN mode. This mode is very useful if the application allows less measurement samples to be taken per time interval.
As mentioned above, the I2C bus has the timeout feature. A logic 0 will enable the timeout feature, preventing the SDA pin to stay at LOW logic level for more than 50 ms. In addition, the I2C bus has the low-pass filters applied to its pins, preventing excessive EMI to affect the communication. Combined with the careful layout of the PCB, this helps reducing the digital noise sensitivity of the Click board. This makes for a robust I2C interface, immune to interference which is able to work even in reasonably noisy environments.
- Fever Click Board (1)